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198                                           FLOEA  INDICA,
Drupa subglobosse. Putamen compression, dorso tuberculatmn, lateri-
bus utrinque excavatum.—Frutices scandentes vel suberecti, inflorescen-
tia mascula cymosa, foeminea racemo&a, floribw ad axilla* bractearum
rotundarum fasciculatis.
The female flowers of this plant have usually been described very differently, as
possessing a lateral calyx of one sepal, with one petal in its axil, and no one seems
to have adverted to the anomalous nature of such an arrangement. The composi-
tion of the so-called petal is generally indicated by the existence of two nerves. It
is often emarginate, and we have several times seen it bipartite to the very base.
The female flower is thus evidently analogous in structure to that of Cyclea. "With
regard to the lateral position usually ascribed to the bract aud sepal, they are cer-
tainly opposite the ovary, and are, therefore, more probably anterior.
The only Indian Cissainpelos is very widely diffused throughout the tropics.
Except one "West African plant, the remainder of the genus is American. Several
species are erect or suberect, and quite distinct; but many of the scatident ones
have very slender claims to be considered species, and will probably be reduced on a
careful revision of the genus.
Gissampelos acuminata, DC., is not determiuable with certainty without an au-
thentic specimen. Erom the description, it is evidently no dssamyclos. It may be
Limacia triandra or ciispidata, but the very short petioles (two to three lines long)
seem rather to point to Coe.culus laurijollus.
Our Indian Gissampelos has rather soft and spongy wood ; a section of a stem one-
fourtL of an inch in diameter, and several years old, presents twelve to fifteen large
irregularly formed wood-wedff$$t separated by narrow medullary rayf; these wedges
reach about the same distance from the bark, but do not all advance inwards to the
pith. Bark a dense compact mass of homogeneous tissue, applied cJose to the liber,
and transversed by longitudinal canals full of a red secretion. Liter-bundles isolated,
opposite each wedge of wood, and iu contact with the cambium layer, separated from
one another by broad wedge-shaped terminations of tlie medullary rays. Pith spongy
in the centre, and traversed with canals like the bark, becoming denser towards the
wood, and very dense aud opaque iu the medullary rays. "We have no large speci-
mens of this species to compare with Dccaisne's description and figure of C. Pareirat
but the structure of the stem differs in no respect from that of the first wood-zone of
that plant.
1. C. Pareira (Wnn. Spec. PL 1473); scandens, foliis reniformi-
bus vel rotupdatis vel late oordatis plus minus pubescentibus, cymis
masculia longe pedunculatis multifloris pilosis, racemis foemineis brae-
teas rofomdafcas araplas gerentibus, drupis subglobosis hirsutis.—Lam.
Ill t. 830 ; :DC. Syst. i. 533, Prod. i. 100; Maqfadyen, M. Jamaic. i.
16 ; Blanco, II Mlip. 815. C. Caapeba, Linn. 8p. 1473 j DO. Syst.
i. 536, Prod. I 101; Bo&. II. Ind. iiL 842; Hick. Cud. 58. C. Coc-
culus, Poir. Diet. v. 9 (excl. syn. paucw). C. convolvulacea, Wtlld.j
DC. fyst. i. 536, Prod. i. 101; Wall. Cat. 4979 ;W.etA. Prod: i. 14;
Roxk. M. Xnd. iH, 842; ffastk. PI. Jav. Mar. 107- C. Mauritian a,
Thowr*t Jbvrn. Bot* 1809. ii. t. 3-4; DO. Synt. i. 535, Prod. i. 100,
(nan Wall.. Cat.). C, pareiroides, DO. JEfo. Mfd. C. orbiculata,
DC. Syst. i. 537, Prod. i. 101. 0. hirsuta, DO. Syst. i. 535, Prod. I
101. C. tomentosa, DC. fyst. i. 535, Prod. i. 101. C. microcarpa,
DC. Syst. i. 534, Prod. i. 101; Maqf. II. Jam. i. 17. C. heraandifolia,
W<M. Oat. 4977 A ! Bpwtim ! 0! 1! 'C; obtecta; Wall. Cat. 4081!
' €, gracilis, St. EH. II. Bras. Mer. i. 54. . C. mucroaata, A. £M. M.